Dr. Li: The most important feature of common cold or adenovirus-induced flu is respiratory symptoms. We call them catarrhal symptoms, which are blocked nose, runny nose, uncomfortable throat, and cough and fever. Coronavirus, SARS in 2003, and MERS in the Middle East in 2013 are both highly pathogenic coronaviruses that enter through the respiratory mucosa. The biggest difference from seasonal colds and flu is that catarrhal symptoms are not obvious, and the main manifestations are Because of fever and fatigue, coughing only occurs when it is relatively heavy, and even some people don't notice the fever at first, just feel weak.
If you burn for three weeks and three months, the problem is not big. But acute fever, that is, unknown fever within three days, and there are no other reasons to explain, such as diarrhea, urinary infection or cholecystitis, stomach pain, is a slight cough, no runny nose, no nose blockage, no headache fever Instead, be vigilant.
When you go out, try not to touch the door handles, elevator buttons, escalators, etc. Do n’t touch your face, nose, or mouth after you touch it. Change your jacket and wash your hands when you go home. Wash your hands in less than 20 seconds. To be disinfected. This is the most important point to maintain a healthy lifestyle; secondly, to maintain a good mood, anxious to get angry does not solve the problem, but also affects your immunity.
Usually healthy, without basic heart and lung disease, renal insufficiency, immunosuppression or basic tumor disease, only fever symptoms, such as over 65 years of age, it is recommended to seek medical treatment in time.
1. The patient should live in a well-ventilated single room.
If the conditions do not allow it, at least one meter away from the family and sleep in separate beds. As long as they are in the same room, both parties should wear masks (a doctor in Wuhan also wears a mask when sleeping at home). During the use of the mask, do not touch the mask.
If the mask is wet or dirty with secretions, replace it immediately. Wash your hands after replacing the mask.
2. Do not accept visits, but it is best to have a healthy family member to take care of the patient.
3. Family members should wash their hands after coming into contact with the patient or the patient's surroundings.
Family members also wash their hands before and after preparing food, before eating, and after going to the toilet. If your hands are not significantly soiled, you can use alcohol-based wet paper towels. If your hands are significantly soiled, wash your hands with soap and running water. After washing your hands, dry them with disposable paper towels. If you do not have disposable paper towels, please use a special towel, and change the towel as soon as it gets wet.
4. Everyone, especially patients, cover their mouth and nose with medical masks, cloth masks, paper towels or bent elbows when they cough or sneeze, and then wash their hands. Mouth and nose covering materials should be discarded or washed immediately. Wash with soap and running water.
5. Avoid direct contact with body fluids, especially oral or respiratory secretions and feces. Use disposable gloves if necessary. Wash hands before and after removing gloves.
6. The gloves, paper towels, masks and other wastes used by patients should be placed in the patient's room and treated separately from other wastes.
7. Avoid sharing toothbrushes, cigarettes, cutlery, plates, drinks, towels, towels or bed sheets with patients and their families. Dishes used by patients can be reused, but need to be washed with soap or detergent.
8. Bedside tables, bed frames and other bedroom furniture must be disinfected daily. A disinfectant diluted with bleach can be used. The configuration ratio is 1 part bleach plus 99 parts water. Bathrooms and toilets are also disinfected at least once a day.
9. Patient's clothes, bedding, bath towels and hand towels, etc., wash with soap and water temperature between 60-90 ° C. When washing clothes, use disposable gloves and protective clothing (such as plastic apron). Wash your hands before and after removing gloves.
10. Suspected patients should be isolated at home. All family members should be considered contacts. If family members have symptoms of acute respiratory infections, including fever, cough, sore throat, and difficulty breathing, please report to the community as soon as possible.
In addition, Associate Professor Tian Xinlun of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Union Medical College mentioned that when the following symptoms occur, please stop home isolation and seek medical treatment as soon as possible:
1. Breathing difficulties (including increased chest tightness, shortness of breath, shortness of breath after exercise)
2. Problems with consciousness (including lethargy, nonsense, indistinguishable day and night, etc.)
3. High fever over 39 degrees