Eyes : Diseases and Treatments

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Myopia or dysentery (Nearsightedness / Myopia) is a common cause of blurred vision. People with nearsightedness see distant objects in a confused and unclear way. Occasionally, strabismus can be made, or eyes may be narrowed to see things clearly.
In general, dyslexia is impaired vision, not disease. In a few cases, myopia is the result of another disease.
Symptoms of myopia
The vision causes confusion. People with short sightedness generally have the following symptoms:
Difficult to see distant objects.
Difficult to see the board, television or movie screen.
The decline in education, sports activity or work.
Symptoms in children
Children under the age of 8 or 9 are not always aware of the fact that they have a problem seeing distant objects. Parents or teachers may suspect short-sightedness if the child:
Turns or squints.
Holds books or objects, very close to his face.
He sits in the first row in the classroom, in the theater, very close to the television or computer.
He does not care about sport, or other activities that require good visibility to long distances.
Sometimes he suffers from headaches.
Causes and risk of myopia
The risk of myopia is greater in people with a family history than myopia.
Women are more likely than men to have acute myopia.
In preterm infants, especially those with retinal nephropathy, the risk of nearsightedness is greater.
Some genetic eye diseases increase the risk of infection.
Research suggests that there is a relationship between work from a short distance, such as reading, and the development of dysfunction and injury.
Certain research links significantly between reading and short-sightedness.
Diagnosis of myopia
Myopia can be detected by a routine examination of the eyes, in addition to other vision problems and diseases that will affect the eyes. The duration of the full examination is between 30 - 60 minutes.
Routine eye examination includes:
Questionnaire from the ophthalmologist: about medical history and actual medical examination.
Visibility tests: Examine the intensity of vision, field of vision and refraction (refraction of light).
Slit lamp: The eyes are examined with a microscope.
Tonometry: The pressure inside the eye is examined.
Ophthalmoscope: A device that enables the doctor to view the back of the eye.
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